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Medicare Preventive and Screening Services
Doctor with patient

Medicare preventive services is health care to prevent or detect illness at an early stage, when treatment is likely to work best. It’s an easy and important way to stay healthy. Services like exams, shots, lab tests, screenings, monitoring and counseling help with disease prevention and early detection services.

Register at MyMedicare.gov to get direct access to your preventive health information—24 hours a day, every day. Track your preventive services, get a 2-year calendar of the Medicare-covered tests and screenings you’re eligible for, and print a personalized “on-the-go” report to take to your next appointment. 

Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance) covers: 

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening
  • HIV screening 
  • Alcohol misuse screenings & counseling
  • Lung cancer screening
  • Bone mass measurements (bone density)
  • Mammograms (screening)
  • Cardiovascular disease screenings
  • Nutrition therapy services
  • Cardiovascular disease (behavioral therapy)
  • Obesity screenings & counseling
  • Cervical & vaginal cancer screening
  • One-time “Welcome to Medicare” preventive visit
  • Colorectal cancer screenings
  • Prostate cancer screenings
  • Depression screenings
  • Sexually transmitted infections screening & counseling
  • Diabetes screenings
  • Shots: Flu, Hepatitis B, and Pneumococcal shots
  • Diabetes self-management training
  • Tobacco use cessation counseling
  • Glaucoma tests
  • Yearly "Wellness" visit
  • Hepatitis C screening test
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    Your "Welcome to Medicare" Preventive Visit
    You can get this introductory visit only within the first 12 months you have Part B. This visit includes a review of your medical and social history related to your health and education and counseling about preventive services, including these:
    • Certain screenings, shots, and referrals for other care, if needed
    • Height, weight, and blood pressure measurements 
    • A calculation of your body mass index 
    • A simple vision test 
    • A review of your potential risk for depression and your level of safety, this may be accomplished through probing for sadness, loss of feelings of pleasure, changes in sleep or appetite, feelings of isolation, suicidal ideation)
    • An offer to talk with you about creating advance directives
    • A written plan letting you know which screenings, shots, and other preventive services you need. Get details about coverage for screenings, shots, and other preventive services
    This visit is covered one time. You don’t need to have this visit to be covered for yearly "Wellness" visits.

    What to bring to your "Welcome to Medicare" preventive visit

    • Medical records, including immunization records. Even if your current doctor does the visit, gather as much medical information as you can to make sure nothing is overlooked.
    • Family health history. Try to learn as much as you can about your family's health history before your appointment. The information will help you and your doctor better understand what screenings you need to get and what to watch for in the future. 
    • Prescription drugs. Bring a list of any prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and supplements that you currently take, how often you take them, and why.

    Yearly "Wellness" Visit
    If you've had Part B for longer than 12 months, you can get this visit to develop or update a personalized prevention help plan. This plan is designed to help prevent disease and disability based on your current health and risk factors. Your provider will ask you to fill out a questionnaire, called a “Health Risk Assessment,” as part of this visit. Answering these questions can help you and your provider develop a personalized prevention plan to help you stay healthy and get the most out of your visit.

    It can also include: 

    • A review of your medical and family history
    • Developing or updating a list of current providers and prescriptions
    • Height, weight, blood pressure, and other routine measurements
    • Detection of any cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment includes diseases such as Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia. Medicare does not require that physicians use a test to screen patients. Doctors are asked to rely on their observation of the patient or on reports by the patient and others.
    • Personalized health advice and referrals to health education or preventive counseling services or programs aimed at reducing identified risk factors and promoting wellness. These include weight loss, physical activity, smoking cessation, fall prevention, and nutrition.
    • A list of risk factors and treatment options for you
    • A screening schedule (like a checklist) for appropriate preventive services. 
    • Advance care planning
    This visit is covered once every 12 months (11 full months must have passed since the last visit).